Updated on April 23, 2022
Why Would Fridge Suddenly Stop Working
Typical causes are: 1) the door is left open frequently, 2) the condenser coils need cleaning, 3) the door doesn’t seal against the refrigerator box, 4) the cold control is set too cold, or 5) something is blocking the flow of cold air inside the fridge.
Although most people don’t give it much consideration, the refrigerator is one of the most trustworthy appliances we possess. A machine that can operate for years, even decades, without a single malfunction isn’t unusual. Even if yours has stopped operating, take a moment to reflect on how long it has been working for you up until now.
It’s up to you to find out why it stopped working. Here, we’ll concentrate on the most probable reason of a refrigerator that’s completely broken down, rather than a wide-ranging guide to refrigerator troubleshooting. The light may or may not be working. Refrigeration and freezing aren’t the same thing when it comes to the fridge.
How Refrigerators Work
There are many similarities between a refrigerator and a vehicle air conditioning unit. The refrigerant circulates via a series of coils that draw off and disperse the heat from the interior storage compartments (primarily in the freezer). By converting the refrigerant from gas to liquid, a compressor facilitates and repeats the process of heat transfer. Your refrigerator’s compressor motor is what you hear when it “kicks on.”
What Make a Fridge Stop Working?
A refrigerator’s cooling operation is aided by a number of components, including thermostats and timers as well as overload switches and fans. To avoid the accumulation of frost, automatic-defrost machines have heaters that cycle on and off at regular intervals. In the event that one of these systems or components fails, your refrigerator will no longer operate.
If Your Fridge Has Stopped and the Light is Off
As apparent as it may seem, a refrigerator’s inability to receive electricity might force it to shut down altogether.
The first place to look is at the circuit breaker for the fridge (located in your home’s electrical service panel). For the most part, refrigerators have their own dedicated 20-amp circuits, although some older houses may have them on a shared circuit with other kitchen appliances. If the breaker has tripped, turn it back on or replace the fuse.
If the breaker isn’t tripped or you’ve reset a tripped breaker and there’s still no power, look for the socket the fridge is hooked into (which is often behind the fridge). Check the outlet by plugging in a light on both ends. A broken outlet or a loose circuit wire are the most frequent causes of no electricity.
Lastly, inspect the refrigerator’s power cable for damage. Before you begin, make sure the equipment is disconnected.
If Your Fridge Has Stopped but the Light Still Works
You can at least see whether the fridge is receiving electricity if the light comes on. Before contacting a repairman, you may do the following:
To test whether the fridge works, lower the freezer’s temperature setting. Because many refrigerators are cooled by vents from the freezer, lowering the temperature in the refrigerator compartment is not a suitable test.
Check to see whether there is enough air circulation around the refrigerator. Make sure you leave at least 3 inches in front and 1 inch on top to disperse heat generated by the coils. The compressor might shut off if there is not enough room for it.
To avoid overheating, clean the outside coils as per the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Unplug the fridge for approximately two hours, then plug it back in to see whether the compressor is working properly. There’s a good likelihood the compressor is becoming too hot and has to be turned off.
The following devices may need to be tested by a repair expert in addition to the ones listed above: the compressor relay and overload protector, the temperature controls, the defrost timer, and the evaporator fan.